There are two different types of employment:
- Employment of unspecified duration, which means that you have permanent employment. There is no final date for this employment.
- Temporary employment, which means employment for a limited period.
Looking for work
You can look for work in many different ways.
- You can go to Arbetsförmedlingen (the Swedish Employment Service) and look for a job in their adverts for job vacancies.
- You can contact staffing agencies and recruitment agencies. A staffing agency rents staff to various companies. A recruitment agency finds people for a company that wants to employ new staff.
- You can reply to adverts in daily newspapers or on the Internet.
- You can contact an employer by yourself.
- You can ask people you know.
Arbetsförmedlingen (the Swedish Public Employment Service) is a government agency that operates throughout the country. Arbetsförmedlingen tells you how you can look for a job. You can get information about various occupations and education and training programmes and be told how to write a job application.
Arbetsförmedlingen posts adverts of job vacancies on its website. You can find job vacancies in platsbanken (the vacancies bank) on Arbetsförmedlingen’s website.
When you have been given a residence permit, it is important to register as a jobseeker at Arbetsförmedlingen. Then you have the chance to be admitted to one of their programmes. You must go by yourself to one of Arbetsförmedlingen’s offices to register.
When you get a job, you have to sign an employment agreement or an employment contract. The employment agreement or the employment contract has to state:
your name and personal identity number
the date when your employment starts
your work duties and title
what type of employment you have
the period of notice, i.e. the period from the day when you are told that you must leave your job until the day when your job ends
how much paid annual leave you are entitled to
Asylum seekers as well as those who have arrived recently may start businesses in Sweden.
You need knowledge of administration and finances before you can start your own business in Sweden. If you want to start your own business, you can get help and advice from ALMI and Arbetsförmedlingen, for example. A lot of information about starting your own business is available on the Internet, for example at www.verksamt.se a website for those who run or are about to start a business where government agencies have brought together and structured information and services of value to you.
Read the Starting a Business in Sweden information brochure to learn about starting a business in Sweden if you are an asylum seeker or have arrived recently.
Starting a Business Without Money is a book that describes how other people have started businesses and contains tips and advice.
If you become ill or injured and are unable to work
Sickness benefit is pay you may be entitled to if you are unable to work because you are ill or have been injured. The first day you are ill is a qualifying day, which means you receive no pay for that day. From the second day of your illness you will receive 80 per cent of your normal wage. If you are employed, this money is paid by your employer during the first two weeks of your illness.
If you are off work for more than two weeks, your employer has to notify Försäkringskassan, which will then decide if you are going to receive sickness benefit. Försäkringskassan can only make its decision if you provide a doctor's certificate explaining why you are unable to work.
You can also receive compensation from Försäkringskassan if you are unemployed, self-employed or on parental leave and you become ill or injured so that you lose compensation. You have to notify Försäkringskassan yourself on the first day.
Read more about your rights and obligations on Försäkringskassan's website, or use the e-service Ersättningskollen to check approximately how much money you will receive if you become ill.
Work and children
Parental insurance enables parents to be away from work to take care of their child. Parental allowance is the economic help that the parent receives to be at home with his/her child in the initial period. You can receive parental allowance for 480 days. The father of a newborn child has the right to 10 days with temporary parental allowance.
In case of joint custody, you as parents have the right to 240 days each for parental allowance. Of these, 60 days are reserved for each.
Child-care homes are those places where the children can be on the days the parents work or study, for example preschools, family day-care homes and leisure-time centres. When the parents work or study, the child is entitled to child-care. Parents who are unemployed or are on parental leave with another child are entitled to child-care. Child-care is provided by the municipality but private child-care is also available. Children between the age of one and five are entitled to attend preschool or family day-care home. If you are unemployed or home with the child's younger sibling, the child is entitled to child-care for about three hours a day or 15 hours a week.
Contact your municipality for more information on child care in the area you live.
If your child is sick
You can also get parental allowance if your child is sick. It is called temporary parental allowance or care of child, VAB. You receive 80% of your salary. You can avail a maximum of 120 days each year.