The asylum period

This is the process for unaccompanied minors seeking asylum in Sweden.​​ Click on the boxes below to read about the different steps.

Applying for asylum
Housing in the initial time
Placement and housing in a municipality
Asylum assessment
Dublin process
Transfer to the first country of asylum
If you get to stay in Sweden
Returning to your country of origin
Appeal
 
 

Applying for asylum

If you come to Sweden without your mother or father to seek asylum, and you are under the age of 18, you are an “unaccompanied minor”. You should submit your asylum application to the Migration Board. Since you are not of legal age when you are younger than 18, you will get help and support from a custodian and you hand in your application together. A custodian is a person who safeguards the interests of asylum-seeking children when their parents are unable to do so. This person can be a man or a woman. He or she is to make sure that you get the support you need and functions as your caregiver and guardian. 

The Migration Board appoints a public counsel. This is a person who will help you in the actual asylum case. A public counsel is a person who knows Swedish legislation. At the Migration Board website, you can read more about what happens with unaccompanied minors. Or you can read more about this in the Migration Board pamphlet for unaccompanied minors. There is also more information about grounds for asylum on the Migration Board website.

The Migration Board will first decide whether any other country is supposed to investigate an asylum application, in a so called Dublin process.

Housing in the initial time

When you arrive in Sweden as an unaccompanied minor, the Migration Board makes sure you come to a municipality of arrival. These exist all over Sweden. You are only supposed to be in the arrival housing until you can move to a municipality that has room for you (municipality for introduction).

Placement and housing in a municipality

County administrative boards are responsible for ensuring that it is possible to designate a municipality that will receive an unaccompanied child. Municipalities are allocated a share every year - which is an estimate of how many asylum-seeking children the municipality should plan for receiving that year.

As soon as possible, you will be placed in a municipality, which is then responsible for your education, and if necessary, your health and medical care.

Asylum assessment

Once it has been established that Sweden is to process your asylum application, you will be called to an asylum investigation. You will meet with a special youth investigator and together with your custodian and public counsel you get to tell your story and describe your life before coming to Sweden, as well as what need you have of protection. The things you say will be written down by another person present at the meeting. 

When the Migration Board is making a decision in your case, what you have said during the investigation is compared to the information the Migration Board has on the situation in your country. You can read more about the process in the Migration Board pamphlet for unaccompanied minors or on the Migration Board website.

The Migration Board makes a decision on whether you have the right to stay in Sweden. There are different reasons to grant you asylum and let you stay in Sweden.

Dublin process

In Europe, there are rules about which country must be in charge of an asylum application. The rules say that only one country must try the application. These regulations are known as the Dublin Regulation and are applicable as law. If you have been in another Dublin Regulation country before coming to Sweden, you may have to go back there. You can read more about this in the Migration Board pamphlet for unaccompanied minors or at the Migration Board website.

Transfer to the first country of asylum

The Migration Board calls you and your custodian to a meeting to tell you that you must travel to another country, which is to treat your asylum application. At this meeting you will also find out how this journey will happen. You will be accompanied Migration Board staff. You will be received by staff from the authorities in the country you are travelling to.

If you get to stay in Sweden

If your application is granted, you will get a residence permit and can stay in Sweden. In that case, you and your custodian must go to the Swedish Tax Agency to register you as a resident and get you a personal identity number. More information is available on the Migration Board website. You can also find out more about the rules for unaccompanied minors with placements in a foster home, youth home or residential care home (HBV) on the website of IVO (Inspektionen för vård och omsorg). This is also where you can find information about what to do if you are unhappy with your situation.

You can read more about the rights of children and young people in the Convention on the Rights of the Child. If you need someone to talk to, there is an organisation called BRIS, which means the Children’s Right in Society.

Returning to your country of origin

If your application has been denied, and you are unable or unwilling to appeal, or if this is not possible, you must return to your country or to another country that can take you. You and your custodian will have a meeting with the Migration Board to decide what should be done. Who can receive you and how you can get there. You will be accompanied by Migration Board staff to your destination. While you wait to travel, you have the right to attend school and to health and medical care. You can find out more on the Migration Board website or in the Migration Board pamphlet.

Appeal

If your asylum application has been denied and you feel that the Migration Board has made the wrong decision, you can appeal with the help of your custodian. Read more about how to appeal on the  website of the Swedish Courts and the Migration Board website.

 
 
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