Children aged 0-5

Last updated: 6 2 2019

​​Having a child of pre-school age means great joy but also many challenges for you as a parent.

  • Pregnancy

    ​​Here you can read more about where you can turn during and after the pregnancy, as well as about unwanted pregnancies.

  • Children who are born in Sweden

    Children who are born in Sweden have the same citizenship as their parents have. If the child's parents are citizens of a country outside of the EU, the parents must apply for a residence permit for the child. The child will most often receive the same permit as the parents have.

    Acknowledgement of paternity

    If the child's parents are married and the mother is registered in the population register in Sweden, the husband is registered as the father of the child. If the child's parents are not married, the father of the child must acknowledge his paternity. In most municipalities, it is the social welfare board that deals with issues of paternity, but this might also be handled by social district boards or municipal district boards.

    If the child's mother is an asylum seeker when the child is born, and is not married to the other parent, the child's paternity and maternity must be registered in conjunction with registration in the population register. This is done after the child has been granted a residence permit in Sweden.

  • The child’s development

    The child will go through many developmental phases and it is usual that parents will have many questions about the child's development.

  • Child safety

    It is important to child proof your home if you have a child of this age.

  • Parental leave

    Being on parental leave means that you are on leave from studies or work in order to look after your child. It is usual that both women and men take off from work or studies in order to be home with their children. The division of parental leave between the parents has strong connections to the perspective of the rights relating to children. A child has a right to close contact with its parents.

  • Parental insurance

    Parental insurance means that parents can be away from work in order to take care of their child. It is called parental leave. When you have parental leave you can seek parental support from the Swedish Social Insurance Agency.

  • Preschool

    If you are working or studying, your child may go to pre-school for the entire day starting at one year of age. It is a right. If you do not work or study, the child may nonetheless go to a public pre-school for some hours a day starting at 3 years of age.

    The municipalities are responsible for there being pre-schools and for children being offered places in them.

  • The child's health

    Children's Health Care (Barnhälsovården) focuses on children from birth till the start of the pre-school class. A central mission of children's health care is to follow all children's health, development and living situations.

    Children's health care central offers health care examinations and vaccinations, but you can also get advice on everything which affects your child's development.

    When your child is sick and needs health care, you can turn to the health care central.

  • Advice and support

    There are various places in the municipality to which you can turn in order to get advice and support, to receive parenting training, or to share experiences with other parents.

  • Activities during parental leave

    There are various activities you can do during your parental leave if you would like to meet other people on parental leave.

    Open preschool is a place to meet and socialise with other adults, while the children get an opportunity to play with other children. Everyone is welcome, you don't need to register beforehand, and there is no charge. In some places there are open preschools that are intended particularly for recently arrived parents, and these preschools also offer opportunities for support in learning Swedish. Open preschools may be run by the municipality, but also by churches or associations.

    Other activities include baby get-togethers in libraries, parent cafés, child rhythmics, and baby swimming.

    Some shopping centres and bigger department stores have family and breastfeeding rooms. These rooms provide a quiet setting in which to sit down to breastfeed, change nappies and heat food for your child.

    Swedish with a baby

    Through Swedish with a baby you can meet other parents and practice your Swedish

    Find activities

    "Find activities" is a search function where you can search for activities that suit you. For example, you can find associations near where you live with activities that match your interests.

    You can type a search term into the search field, or you can choose a specific day, or activities in a particular area. For example, Sport, Swedish language or Culture and entertainment.