A person who is covered by the UN Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and who is entitled to asylum under international law. Under the UN Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees a refugee is a person who feels well-founded fear of being persecuted in their country of origin for reasons of race, nationality, membership of a particular social group or religious or political opinion. Many countries, including Sweden, also give protection to individuals who are not covered by the Convention. These are, for example, people who risk capital punishment, torture or other inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment in their country of origin.
Read more at: http://www.manskligarattigheter.se/en, https://www.migrationsverket.se/English/Private-individuals/Protection-and-asylum-in-Sweden.html