Kalmar län

Last updated: 24 10 2018

Kalmar county, the eastern parts of Småland and Öland, is divided up into twelve municipalities with around 243,000 inhabitants. The county is stretched out and varied. Here you can find archipelagos and coastal meadows, the forests of the interior, the open agricultural landscape of the Kalmar coast and the unique cultural landscape of Öland. There is the proximity and charm of small towns, with a varied range of cultural and leisure activities.

Municipalities in Kalmar län

Choose the municipality in Kalmar län that you want to read more about below.

Housing situation

On the whole, there is a balance between supply and demand for housing. Few flats for rent are being built, although several municipalities have a shortage of this type of housing. In some locations, easy-access housing in locations close to services are being built for the elderly and disabled, in order to meet a changed demography. New housing aimed at young people, students, new arrivals, newly separated, etc. are only built exceptionally. The main obstacles to housing construction in the county are high production costs and a falling population.


Kalmar County has twelve municipalities: Västervik, Vimmerby, Hultsfred, Högsby, Oskarshamn, Mönsterås, Nybro, Emmaboda, Torsås, Mörbylånga, Borgholm and Kalmar. Högsby is the county's smallest municipality, with just over 5,700 inhabitants, and Kalmar is the largest, with just over 64,000 inhabitants and also the fastest rate of population growth in the county. The county overall has seen a population increase in recent years.​

Business and employers

The county has a long tradition of entrepreneurship, and business is characterised by engineering industry, small companies and agriculture and forestry. The largest employers in the county are Kalmar county council, with almost 6,000 employees, followed by the larger municipalities in the county. The large private employer is Scania SV AB. In comparison with the rest of the country, the population has a low proportion of people with completed further education.

Schools and education

The Linnaeus University has its campuses in Växjö and Kalmar, and has 60 educational programmes and further courses, and in total more than 1,200 courses are offered in more than 50 subjects. Kalmar has a strong emphasis on natural science research. There is also an internationally renowned maritime university and a highly ranked design programme in Pukeberg, Nybro.

Medical care

There are three hospitals in the county. The county hospital in Kalmar has 18 specialist clinics and 350 beds, the hospital in Oskarshamn has five clinics and around 80 beds, and Västervik hospital has 16 clinics and around 150 beds. The primary care consists of 28 county council-run medical centres and 11 private doctor's clinics.

Culture and leisure

The county is marketed by the county council as the Healthy County, and has offers a wide variety of cultural and leisure activities, interesting natural and cultural environments and much-loved visitor attractions, such as Astrid Lindgrens Värld, the Glass Country and Ottenby on the southern tip of Öland. In many places, the library is a cultural meeting place, where various backgrounds and ages can meet. Kalmar county museum, the art museum, county music, county crafts and the county theatre all work with using culture in the integration in order to create a more dynamic cultural life.

Associations and organisations – civil society

In 2013, a joint integration strategy for the county to create better prerequisites for those born abroad to want to live and work in Kalmar county was signed by 27 collaborating partners: ALMI Företagspartner, the Swedish Public Employment Service, the Federation of Private Enterprises, the Social Insurance Agency, the County Agricultural Society, the County Council, the National Association of Farmers, the Linnaeus University, the County Administrative Board, the Swedish Migration Board, the Regional Association, all the municipalities in the county, the Swedish Tax Agency, the Confederation of Swedish Enterprise and the Swedish Policy Authority. The Red Cross, Småland sports and the study organisations also take part in the county's work with integration.